23 Jaw-dropping Alocasia Varieties That Will Beautify Your Indoor Plant Collection

alocasia varieties green-leafed plant

Alocasia is a genus of tropical plants that are popular for their large, stunning foliage. They belong to the Araceae family and are native to Southeast Asia and Eastern Australia. These plants are loved for their unique foliage that comes in different shapes, sizes, and colors.

Learn The Fascinating Evolution of These Inspiring Alocasia Varieties

Alocasia plants, commonly known as elephant ears, belong to the family Araceae, which is native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. The genus Alocasia comprises around 70 species of herbaceous plants that are grown for their large, striking leaves, which come in various shapes and colors.

Alocasia plants have been grown and cultivated for centuries in various parts of the world for both ornamental and medicinal purposes. In many Asian cultures, Alocasia plants are believed to have protective and healing properties, and the leaves are often used in traditional medicines to treat a variety of ailments, including fever, headaches, and insect bites.

In addition to their medicinal properties, Alocasia plants are also prized for their ornamental value. Many species and cultivars are grown for their large, striking leaves, which come in various shapes and colors, including green, black, and silver. Some popular varieties include Alocasia ‘Polly’, Alocasia ‘Frydek’, Alocasia ‘Stingray’, and Alocasia ‘Portora’.

Alocasia plants are relatively easy to grow and care for, provided they are given the proper conditions. They prefer bright, indirect sunlight and well-draining soil that is kept consistently moist. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it is important to let the soil dry out slightly between waterings.

Alocasia plants can be grown outdoors in tropical and subtropical regions or indoors as houseplants in cooler climates. They are often grown in containers or as part of a tropical garden, where they can add a striking, exotic element to the landscape.

In this article, we will explore some of the most popular Alocasia varieties and how to care for them.

23 Alocasia Varieties That Will Take Your Breath Away

Alocasia ‘Amazonica’ – A popular variety with arrow-shaped leaves that have white veins. This stunning variety has striking white veins on its dark green leaves, giving it a very unique and attractive appearance. The plant is commonly known as Elephant Ear due to the shape of its leaves, which can grow up to a foot long. The Alocasia Amazonica is native to South America and is relatively easy to care for.

Alocasia ‘Black Velvet’ – A striking variety with blackish-purple leaves and silvery veins. A stunning tropical plant with velvety, deep green leaves that have a unique sheen. Its foliage has an almost metallic appearance that is truly captivating. This plant can be grown both indoors and outdoors, making it a versatile addition to any plant collection.

Alocasia ‘Borneo King’ – A large variety with leaves that can reach up to 5 feet in length and feature prominent veins. Borneo King is an impressive variety that can grow up to 8 feet tall with leaves that can reach up to 3 feet in length. Its leaves have a glossy texture and a unique shape that resembles an arrowhead. This plant is known for its stunning tropical look and can make a dramatic statement as a centerpiece in any indoor or outdoor space.

Alocasia ‘Calidora’ – A hybrid variety with leaves that are a mix of dark green and light green. With its striking, elongated leaves and impressive size, Alocasia ‘Calidora’ is a favorite among plant enthusiasts looking for a dramatic addition to their collection. It requires bright, indirect light and consistently moist soil to thrive, making it a great choice for indoor or outdoor cultivation in tropical climates. Its unique shape and texture make it a standout in any landscape or indoor plant display.

Alocasia ‘Clypeolata’ – A rare variety with shiny, almost metallic-looking leaves that are a deep green color. A unique variety with distinctive, shield-shaped leaves and a compact growth habit. It prefers bright, indirect light and consistently moist soil, making it a great choice for indoor or outdoor cultivation in tropical climates

Alocasia ‘Cucullata’ – A small variety with heart-shaped leaves that have a glossy appearance. This variety, also known as the Chinese taro, features striking, heart-shaped leaves that can grow up to a foot long. It requires bright, indirect light and consistently moist soil to thrive, making it a great choice for indoor or outdoor cultivation in tropical climates. Its unique shape and texture make it a favorite among plant enthusiasts looking for a statement piece.

Alocasia ‘Dragon Scale’ – A unique variety with leaves that resemble dragon scales and have a metallic sheen. A unique variety with impressive, textured leaves resembling the scales of a dragon, Alocasia ‘Dragon Scale’ is a favorite among plant enthusiasts. It prefers bright, indirect light and consistently moist soil to thrive, making it a great choice for indoor or outdoor cultivation in tropical climates.

Alocasia ‘Ebony’ – A striking variety with blackish-purple leaves that have a glossy appearance. A striking variety with velvety, dark leaves and striking white veins, Alocasia ‘Ebony’ is a favorite among plant enthusiasts. It requires bright, indirect light and consistently moist soil to thrive, making it a great choice for indoor or outdoor cultivation in tropical climates.

Alocasia ‘Frydek’ – A hybrid variety with leaves that are a mix of dark green and silver. This beautiful variety has leaves that are a deep, emerald green color with striking white veins. The Alocasia Frydek is a native of South America and is commonly known as the Green Velvet Alocasia due to the texture of its leaves. This plant can grow up to three feet tall and is a great addition to any indoor garden.

Alocasia ‘Gageana’ – A tall variety with leaves that can reach up to 3 feet in length and have prominent veins. This plant is native to Asia and thrives in warm, humid conditions. It is a great choice for indoor or outdoor spaces and will grow well in well-draining soil with consistent moisture. It prefers partial shade to bright indirect light, and it should be protected from direct sunlight.

Alocasia ‘Hilo Beauty’ – A hybrid variety with heart-shaped leaves that have a shiny, almost metallic appearance. Hilo Beauty is a hybrid variety that produces heart-shaped leaves with a glossy metallic finish that are dark green with contrasting silvery veins. The leaves grow on long, slender stems and can reach up to 2 feet in height. It is a compact plant, making it ideal for smaller spaces.

Alocasia ‘Imperialis’ – A large variety with leaves that can reach up to 3 feet in length and have a unique shape. It is a large variety of Alocasia with leaves that can reach up to 3 feet in length, and a unique shape that makes it stand out from other Alocasia varieties. This is a large and impressive variety of Alocasia, with leaves that can reach up to 3 feet in length and a unique shape that sets it apart from other Alocasia plants. The leaves are dark green in color with prominent white veins that add to its striking appearance. It prefers bright, indirect light and well-draining soil to thrive.

Alocasia ‘Low Rider’ – A compact variety with leaves that grow close to the ground and have a shiny appearance. As its name suggests, this variety of Alocasia has a compact growth habit with leaves that grow close to the ground. Its leaves are a vibrant green color with a shiny, almost glossy appearance. It is a great option for small spaces or as an accent plant in a larger display.

Alocasia ‘Maharani’ – A hybrid variety with leaves that are a mix of dark green and light green, with a shiny appearance. This hybrid variety of Alocasia features leaves that are a mix of dark and light green with a shiny, almost metallic appearance. Its unique coloration and striking shape make it a popular choice for indoor plantscapes or as a feature plant in a tropical garden. It prefers bright, indirect light and well-draining soil.

Alocasia ‘Mayan Mask’ – A small variety with leaves that have a unique shape and a dark green color. This small variety of Alocasia has leaves that are a deep green color with a unique shape that resembles a mask. Its compact growth habit and interesting foliage make it a great choice for small spaces or as part of a larger display. It prefers bright, indirect light and moist, well-draining soil to thrive.

Alocasia ‘Odora’ – A variety with leaves that have a distinctive, almost pleated texture and a glossy appearance. This variety of Alocasia is also known as the Night-scented Lily due to the pleasant fragrance it emits during the nighttime. The plant has glossy, green leaves that are shaped like an arrowhead and can grow up to three feet long. The Alocasia Odora is a native of Southeast Asia and is commonly used in traditional medicine due to its medicinal properties.

Alocasia ‘Polly’ – A popular variety with leaves that have a unique shape and feature white veins. Alocasia Polly is a compact and easy-to-care-for plant that features arrowhead-shaped leaves with dark green veins. Its leaves have a glossy appearance that makes it stand out among other Alocasia varieties. This plant is perfect for small spaces and indoor environments.

Alocasia ‘Portora’ – A hybrid variety with large, glossy leaves that are a mix of dark green and light green. Portora is a hybrid variety that produces large, glossy leaves with an attractive dark green color. The leaves grow on sturdy stems that can reach up to 3 feet in height. This variety is known for its adaptability to different light conditions, making it a popular choice for both indoor and outdoor settings.

Alocasia ‘Regal Shield’ – A large variety with leaves that can reach up to 4 feet in length and have a unique shape. This large and impressive variety has leaves that can grow up to three feet long and a foot wide. The Alocasia Regal Shield is known for its dark green leaves that have a metallic sheen to them, giving it a regal and elegant appearance. This plant is a hybrid of the Alocasia ‘Polly’ and Alocasia ‘Sarian’.

Alocasia ‘Silver Dragon’ – A hybrid variety with leaves that are a mix of dark green and silver, with prominent veins. Silver Dragonis a hybrid variety that produces striking, silver-colored leaves with dark green veins. The leaves are heart-shaped and have a slightly rough texture. This variety prefers bright, indirect light and can grow up to 2 feet in height, making it a great choice.

Alocasia ‘Stingray’ – A striking variety with leaves that resemble the shape of a stingray and have a metallic sheen. The Alocasia Stingray is a relatively new variety that has been gaining popularity in recent years. The plant has unique, elongated leaves that resemble the wings of a stingray, hence the name. The leaves are a deep green color and have a glossy finish, adding to its overall appeal. The Alocasia Stingray is a hybrid of the Alocasia Longiloba and Alocasia Sanderiana.

Alocasia ‘Yucatan Princess’ – A hybrid variety with heart-shaped leaves that are a mix of dark green and light green. The leaves have a slightly rippled texture and grow on long, slender stems. This variety is known for its compact size and adaptability to a variety of light conditions.

Alocasia ‘Zebrina’ – A popular variety with leaves that have a zebra-like pattern and a shiny appearance. Alocasia Zebrina is a stunning Alocasia variety that features large, arrowhead-shaped leaves with deep green color and zebra-like stripes on the stems. This plant is best grown in a warm and humid environment with indirect sunlight. It is perfect for those who want a low-maintenance Alocasia variety.

Care and Maintenance of Alocasia Varieties Alocasia varieties are relatively easy to care for but require specific conditions to thrive.

Here are some care tips for growing healthy Alocasia plants:

  • Light: Most Alocasia varieties prefer bright, indirect sunlight. Avoid exposing them to direct sunlight, as it can scorch their leaves.
  • Water: Alocasia plants need to be watered regularly, but be careful not to overwater them. Water them when the top inch of the soil is dry to the touch.
  • Humidity: Alocasia plants prefer warm and humid environments. You can increase the humidity around the plant by misting it regularly or placing a humidifier nearby.
  • Soil: Alocasia plants prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Use a potting mix that contains peat moss, perlite, and compost.
  • Fertilizer: Alocasia plants benefit from regular fertilization during the growing season. Use a balanced fertilizer every two to three weeks to keep your plants healthy.

Alocasia plants have a long and rich history of use in various cultures around the world for both medicinal and ornamental purposes. Their large, striking leaves and ease of care make them a popular choice for gardeners and plant enthusiasts alike. Whether grown indoors or outdoors, Alocasia plants are sure to add a touch of tropical elegance to any setting.

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Walter Rodgers

Walter Rodgers

As a Master Gardener Walter Rodgers, has spent his life cultivating his passion for gardening and cooking. Having lived all over the United States, Walter has gained a wealth of knowledge and experience in growing a wide range of plants and vegetables, from the arid deserts of the southwest to the lush forests of the Pacific Northwest.

Over the years, he has honed his skills as a gardener and cook, learning new techniques and experimenting with different ingredients to create delicious and healthy meals straight from his garden. Walter is passionate about sharing his knowledge with others and is a sought-after speaker and consultant on all aspects of gardening and cooking.

His unique perspective and expertise make him a valuable resource for anyone looking to start or improve their own garden, whether it's a small plot in the backyard or a large farm.

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